Culture & Legacy
Mahabodhi temple Bodhgaya Part:- 2 |Mahabodhi Vihar Temple||Theindology|
The Mahabodhi Temple or the Mahābodhi Mahāvihāra, a UNESCO World Heritage Site, is an ancient, but rebuilt and restored Buddhist temple in Bodh Gaya, Bihar, India, marking the location where the Buddha is said to have attained enlightenment. Bodh Gaya is 15 km from Gaya and is about 96 km (60 mi) from Patna. The site contains a descendant of the Bodhi Tree under which Buddha gained enlightenment, and has been a major pilgrimage destination of Buddhists for well over two thousand years, and some elements date to the period of Ashoka (died c. 232 BCE). What is now visible on the ground essentially dates from the 5th century CE, or possibly earlier, as well as several major restorations since the 19th century. But the structure now may well incorporate large parts of earlier work, possibly from the 2nd or 3rd century CE. Archaeological finds from the site however, indicate that the place was a site of veneration for Buddhists since at least the Mauryan period. In particular, the Vajrasana, which is located within the temple itself has been dated to the third century BCE. Many of the oldest sculptural elements have been moved to the museum beside the temple, and some, such as the carved stone railing wall around the main structure, have been replaced by replicas. The main temple's survival is especially impressive, as it was mostly made of brick covered with stucco, materials that are much less durable than stone. However, it is understood that very little of the original sculptural decoration has survived. The temple complex includes two large straight-sided shikhara towers, the largest over 55 metres (180 feet) high.
इंडोलॉजी परिचय :- परंपरागत रूप से इंडोलॉजी के अनुशासन में भारतीय उपमहाद्वीप से विकसित सांस्कृतिक और धार्मिक मान्यताओं और प्रथाओं को समझने के साधन के रूप में, ऐतिहासिक पाठ्य और भौतिक स्रोतों के साथ-साथ प्राचीन भारतीय भाषाओं और लिपियों, आमतौर पर संस्कृत और पाली का अध्ययन शामिल है। योग और ध्यान की परंपराओं का अकादमिक अध्ययन आज इस अनुशासनात्मक और पद्धतिगत ढांचे के भीतर विकसित हुआ। इंडोलॉजी शब्द भारत, उसके लोगों, संस्कृति, भाषाओं और साहित्य के अकादमिक अध्ययन को संदर्भित करता है।
An Introduction to Indology :- Traditionally the discipline of Indology has included the study of ancient Indian languages and scripts, usually Sanskrit and Pali, along with historical textual and material sources, as a means of understanding cultural and religious beliefs and practices that developed from the Indian subcontinent. , The academic study of the traditions of yoga and meditation developed within this disciplinary and methodological framework today. The term Indology refers to the academic study of India, its people, culture, languages and literature.
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